ERIC Number: ED202863
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Use of Districtwide Test Scores to Compare the Academic Effectiveness of Schools.
Matthews, Tom A.; And Others
The Evaluation Office of the Seattle Public Schools is currently engaged in a project that uses student test performance to identify educational program characteristics associated with academic gains. Methods used to develop an index of academic gains are described, and one method that best fits the following criteria was selected. It should be: (1) a measure of student gain in academic subjects such as reading and math in a single school year; (2) applicable to schools (rather than specific educational programs) as the primary educational unit; (3) relatively free of the effects of factors beyond the control of schools; (4) based upon sound methodological procedures; (5) adaptable to the test data currently on hand; and (6) easy to interpret and explain. The method finally selected was multiple regression of spring score on fall score, ethnic category, and free lunch eligibility, with school mean residual as the measure of academic gain. Steps currently being implemented to validate the index in school settings are discussed. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Seattle Public Schools, WA. Dept. of Planning, Research, and Evaluation.
Identifiers: Index of Academic Gains
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).