ERIC Number: ED202733
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of Reasoning: Proportional Reasoning.
Newton, Roger; And Others
Reported are results of a study designed to determine developmental patterns in proportional reasoning and to determine if these patterns are similar regardless of educational level and regardless of problem context. Data from 2282 subjects in grades 6-13 were collected using the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT), and then examined for subjects who had been categorized in three ways: (1) by TOLT scores, 1-10; (2) by educational level; and (3) by developmental stages within each educational level. Examination of the four most common responses indicates that observed patterns of reasoning are similar regardless of developmental level, educational level, or problem context. Conclusions are made regarding the use of proportional reasoning in the physical sciences and biological sciences. (CS)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Biological Sciences, Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Logical Thinking, Physical Sciences, Science Education, Science Tests, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students, Student Characteristics, Student Development
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Science Education Research; Test of Logical Thinking (Tobin and Capie)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (54th, Grossinger's in the Catskills, Ellenville, NY, April 5-8, 1981).