ERIC Number: ED202657
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Farming Systems Research: A Critical Appraisal. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 6.
Gilbert, Elon H.; And Others
The objectives of the state-of-the-art paper, second in a series on farming systems research (FSR) in the Third World, are to: (1) review the literature on farming systems; (2) evaluate farming systems research in international institutes and in national agricultural research systems in the Third World; and (3) recommend what can be done to improve and expand FSR in order to develop technology appropriate for the majority of small farmers. The paper discusses the existing confusion over the various definitions of FSR and recommends a working definition which includes a holistic approach to diagnosing constraints faced by small farmers in site-specific locations and in carrying out farm trials of promising technology. It also stresses the strengths and weaknesses of current FSR programs and recommends a close working link between FSR and commodity research teams. A major section of the paper deals with rapidly evolving methodologies for carrying out FSR; institutional linkages, and training in FSR are also discussed. Appendices describe orientation, program components and observations for selected FSR programs (in Mexico, India, the Philippines, Nigeria, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Senegal), and the similarities and differences between FSR and early forms of farm management research. (CM)
Descriptors: Agricultural Production, Data Collection, Definitions, Developing Nations, Evaluation, Farm Management, Farmers, Foreign Countries, Information Dissemination, Linking Agents, Literature Reviews, Program Evaluation, Research Methodology, Research Projects, Research Utilization, Rural Development, Rural Extension
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
Identifiers: Agricultural Technology; Farming Systems Research