ERIC Number: ED202608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Typed Play and Behavior in Cross-Gender Identified Children: A One-Year Follow-Up.
Zucker, Kenneth J.; And Others
Part of a continuing study of cross-gender identified (gender-referred) children is described. The entire study compares gender-referred children (14 boys and 4 girls) with their pre-adolescent siblings and with other children displaying a variety of psychiatric problems. The first phase of the study involves retesting the gender-referred children and their siblings on a yearly basis for two years. The one-year follow-up of about half of the total sample provides the data for this presentation. Four measures assessing sex-typed play and behavior were used in the study. Two of the measures were parent questionnaires employed with the boys' parents and two were behavioral tests used with all the children. Except for one subtest, all of the measures differentiated the gender-referred children from their siblings and the psychiatric controls at the time of the initial assessment. Results of the follow-up comparison of the gender-referred children and their siblings indicate that on some measures gender-referred boys were significantly less feminine but on other measures there was no significant change in their masculine behavior. Male siblings of the gender-referred boys basically maintained their initial patterns at the one-year follow-up. Findings are briefly discussed in terms of the efficacy of therapeutic intervention and the likelihood of altering a child's gender identity. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Gender Identity
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).