ERIC Number: ED202600
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Evidence of Parent and Teacher Validity in Screening for Handicaps.
Schaefer, Earl S.; Edgerton, Marianna
This study of handicapped and non-handicapped preschool and early elementary school children and their older normal siblings was designed to determine (1) the intercorrelation of parent and teacher ratings of the child's academic competence and social adjustment, and (2) the correlations of mother, father and teacher ratings with the child's diagnosis of handicapped or normal. Two samples of families were studied. Sample A consisted of 36 two-parent families with a child aged 3 to 6 and at least one older child. In half the families the preschool child was identified as having a mild to severe handicap. Sample B consisted of 52 families with a child aqed 3 to 8 and both parents in the home. Thirty-five of the families had an older sibling and in 39 cases the target child was referred as handicapped by a preschool, public school or special school. Teachers rated each child's behavior in the classroom using the Classroom Behavior Inventory (CBI), Bipolar Trait Ratings (BTR), the Social Assets Inventory (SAI), and a Teacher Report of Child Behavior Toward the Teacher Inventory. Mothers and fathers also completed the BTR, the SAI, and a Parent Report of Child Behavior Toward the Parent Inventory. In general, correlations between parent ratings and teacher ratings were substantial on the dimension of academic competence and were lower and marginally significant on the dimension of socialization and temperament. Results suggest that parents as well as teachers might contribute significantly to developmental screening. (The short form of the Social Assets Inventory and the traits rating scale, accompanied by scoring forms, are included. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.; North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, Dept. of Maternal and Child Health.
Identifiers: Bipolar Trait Ratings Scales; Social Assets Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (Detroit, MI, October 22, 1980).