ERIC Number: ED202599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Support Systems on the Maternal Behavior of Young Mothers.
Colletta, Nancy Donohue
The effects of the amounts, sources, and kinds of support available to adolescent mothers on their patterns of interactions with their children are examined in this study. Subjects were 50 adolescent mothers ranging in age from 15 to 19 years and selected from the 1978-79 birth records of a mixed rural/suburban county in the outskirts of Washington, D.C. Data were obtained through a structured interview in the subject's home. To measure the independent variable, social support, researchers asked the mothers to describe the amounts and sources of support they received in the categories of task performance, information/guidance, material aid, and emotional support. Measures of the dependent variable, maternal role behavior, included Rohner's Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, designed to measure maternal behaviors in the areas of warmth/affection, aggression/hostility, neglect/indifference and rejection. Two other measures, called Maternal Role Satisfaction and Attitude Toward Child Development, were also used. Results indicate that the amount of support for adolescent mothers is the most consistent predictor of maternal behavior, with emotional support being the most significant kind. Results further indicate that relatives and a male partner were the most important sources of support. (Author/JA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Early Parenthood; Support Systems
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).