ERIC Number: ED202589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Parity and Time on Maternal Attitudes in the Neonatal Period.
Thompson, Earl T.; And Others
The effects of parity (the number of children a mother bears) and time on the formation of maternal attitudes in the neonatal period are investigated in this study. Subjects were medically normal women, 47 multiparae and 37 primiparae, who delivered healthy, full-term infants. Each woman completed a battery of eight attitude questionnaires at 1-2 days following delivery and again at 4-6 weeks postpartum, as a measure of attitudes toward self as mother, toward the infant, and toward childrearing. Results demonstrated that both parity groups increased in self-confidence across time, with the primiparae sample showing the greater gain; however, multiparae rated themselves more confident than primiparae at both time points. In addition, results indicated that mothers perceived their infants less positively over time. Finally, both parity groups showed less adaptive childrearing attitudes at 4-6 weeks than at 1-2 days postpartum. Results are discussed in terms of a deromanticization of the infant that occurs over time. It is hypothesized that once the elation of the childbirth experience has been tempered with the realities of child care and the emergence of individualized infant characteristics, mothers begin to see their infants in a more realistic way. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Maternal Self Concept; Parity
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).