ERIC Number: ED202588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Children's Influence Attempts on Conflict in the Family.
Martin, John A.
To see if mother-child conflict and mother firmness in conflict situations could be predicted from previous measures of the level of young children's attempt to influence their mothers, a study was conducted among 27 boys and 25 girls who were observed at 33 and 45 months of age. Information about the 33-month-old children's influence attempts came from two observational situations in which the mother was busy filling out a questionnaire and the child had nothing to do. Piloting of these two "nothing-to-do" situations demonstrated that positive and negative child influence attempts could be reliably categorized as belonging to one of six types, such as Hug/Hold (positive attempt) or Nag/Demand (negative attempt). At both data gathering sessions questionnaires presented to mothers focused on a number of hypothetical conflict situations, some of which were age-specific. Mothers were also asked about the frequency of and their typical responses to the conflict situations presented in the questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were performed separately for boys and girls. Among the results, for boys high levels of both positive and negative influence attempts are associated with increases in the degree of mother-child conflict reported by the mother. For girls negative influence attempts are associated with increased reports of conflict, whereas positive influence attempts are not. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Child Influence
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).