ERIC Number: ED202434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-25
Reference Count: 0
Post-Secondary Education and Background. R&D for Higher Education, 1980:10.
A sample of graduates from the terminal grades of upper secondary school in Sweden were studied in 1970 and 1971 to determine the relationship between choice of postsecondary studies and the students' previous level of achievement, social background, interests, attitudes to school, and education. For males, it was found that a considerable portion of the social selection established in the transition from upper secondary school to university or college was related to differences in the type of secondary schooling (i.e., differences in terms of theoretically and vocationally oriented education). Findings also indicated that the upper secondary students applying for teacher training colleges in the early 1970s displayed much the same qualities as those who had gone on the humanities and science faculties. Their grades were roughly the same, and judging by the social composition of the two groups, a considerable equalization had occured compared with the situation 10 years earlier. There was also a trend toward greater equalization in law and economic studies. The persistent social selection for engineering (as compared with studies in science at the university) was also clearly demonstrated. That is, social background was the variable that had the highest correlation with choice of studies. The students' upper secondary program and grade point average showed a consistently high association with their postsecondary educational choices. The proportion of technology line students entering higher education was very small. Those students who went to college were more ambitious than others and did more spare-time reading, but these two variables did not appear to have had much bearing on the decision to attend college if allowance was also made for the other variables. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Choice, College Students, Educational Background, Enrollment Influences, Followup Studies, Foreign Countries, Grade Point Average, Graduate Surveys, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes
National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, R and D Unit, P.O. Box 45501, S-104 30 Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, Stockholm. Research and Development Unit.
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