ERIC Number: ED202427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Critique of "Meta-Analysis of Patient Education Research: Implications for Health Care Professionals," by Steven A. Mazzuca.
Harris, Ilene B.
The use of meta-analysis of patient education research as reported by Steven A. Mazzuca in a 1981 conference paper is critiqued. The way that Mazucca's meta-analysis conforms to the criteria for effective conduct of the six methodological tasks of integrative reviews as specified by Jackson (1980) is assessed. The extent to which meta-analysis serves its intended purposes and the outcome variables that are most meaningful in assessing the effects of patient education are examined. It is suggested that Mazucca provides a clear and appropriate rationale for focusing on patient education related to chronic diseases and that he reports his search strategies as well as his criteria for selection of studies. Mazucca provides detailed tables in which he reports for each study: the medical problem, the type of interventions, the type of outcome parameters, and the time-frames. He also performs subanalyses of outcomes for types of intervention and types of outcome parameters. He identifies two genres of eudcational intervention which show a common thread among diverse strategies (didactic and behavioral approaches). Mazucca specifically draws out conclusions for policy and practice with respect to the effectiveness of didactic as compared with behavioral approaches to patient education. Based on a comparison of Mazucca's meta-analysis and one conducted by Posavac, it is suggested that different meta-analyses of similar topical areas will yield different of educational views of what is known in many different studies. In Mazucca's meta-analyses several types of potentially important parameters are not subanalyzed: type of disease, types of compliance, and time-frames. In terms of outcomes, it is suggested that it is important to distinguish compliance and therapeutic progress. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Meta Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA April 13-17, 1981).