ERIC Number: ED202246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of English and Spanish Syntactic Language Development in Young Spanish Speaking Mexican-Americans in Maintenance Bilingual-Bicultural and Pull-Out ESL Programs.
Escamilla, Manuel; Cogburn-Escamilla, Kathy
A study is reported whose purpose was to investigate if a relationship existed between Spanish and English language development in young Spanish speaking Mexican-Americans. One half of the children involved in the study were in maintenance bilingual-bicultural programs. The other half were in pull-out ESL programs. Using the descriptive survey design, data were collected from 100 first grade children attending four elementary schools in West Los Angeles County which operated both maintenance bilingual-bicultural and pull-out ESL programs. The Bilingual Syntax Measure English and Spanish tests were administered to the students on a pre- and post-test basis to measure English and Spanish dominance and language development. The Home Survey Questionnaire was developed to obtain demographic information and to determine if all students were from homes where Spanish was the main language. The major conclusions were as follows: (1) Learning two languages simultaneously as in a maintenance bilingual-bicultural program does not retard the development of language skills in English. (2) Exposure to one type of program does not facilitate either English or Spanish language development more than another program. (3) Proficiency in one language facilitates the acquisition of a second language. (4) Intensive exposure to only English does not facilitate English language development more than a maintenance bilingual-bicultural program. (Author/AMH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Limited English Speaking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on Language Development (5th, Boston, MA, October, 1980).