ERIC Number: ED202201
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Hypercorrect-ion and Hyper-correction in Phonological Change.
Janda, Richard D.
Hypercorrection occurs when a speaker of a lower-prestige dialect errs in the use of a form foreign to that dialect within the eyes of a speaker of the higher-prestige dialect from which the form is borrowed. Hypercorrection is sociolinguistically motivated and exists in two forms: (1) hypercorrect-ion, in which an otherwise "correct," more prestigious form is overused by a speaker of a less prestigious dialect; and (2) hyper-correction, the more common form, in which there is an overuse of a process correcting an otherwise "incorrect," less prestigious form. Data from a Pekinese dialect of Mandarin, English, and German are presented to illustrate both forms of hypercorrection. The study of hypercorrection provides information on which to base an understanding of natural sound change. Social, psychological, and phonetic factors may influence this phenomenon. An analysis of hypercorrection aids in isolating the characteristics of each of these factors. Sound change data are presented from Middle and New High German, Pfaelzich, Swabian, and Western Romance languages. It is proposed that the role of hypercorrection in sound change may be inferred even in the relative absence of sociolinguistic data. (JK)
Descriptors: English, German, Indo European Languages, Mandarin Chinese, Phonology, Romance Languages, Sino Tibetan Languages, Social Dialects, Social Influences
Linguistic Research Inc., P.O. Box 5677, Station L, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6C 4G1 ($10.00 for entire proceedings).
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Linguistic Research, Inc., Edmonton (Alberta).
Identifiers: German (Middle High); German Pfaelzisch); Hypercorrection; Prestige Forms (Language); Psychological Influences; Stigmatized Forms (Language); Swabian; Wh Questions
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the (Canadian) Western Conference on Linguistics (8th, October 20-21, 1978). In its Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Western Conference on Linguistics, p49-60, 1978.