ERIC Number: ED202132
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Educational Policy and Planning. Compensatory Education Programmes in the United States.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
This description of federal compensatory education programs for the economically disadvantaged was prepared for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's review of national education policies. As background, the report first describes the U.S. educational system, the social and educational changes since 1954 that gave rise to compensatory programs, and the current debates over these programs. Six chapters then discuss the goals, target populations, services, and results of federal compensatory programs at the preschool, elementary, secondary, and postsecondary levels, including the training of teachers to serve disadvantaged groups. Among the programs covered are Head Start, Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), youth employment training, vocational education, Upward Bound, Talent Search, Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, Educational Opportunity Centers, college work study, Educational Opportunity Grants, college student loans, and the Teacher Corps. Three final chapters examine the compensatory programs' common objectives and implementation procedures, assess the programs' impact on educational resources and achievement, and analyze the multiplicity of federal compensatory programs and the proposed solutions to this problem. An appendix presents detailed case studies of Head Start, Title I of ESEA, and the Teacher Corps. (RW)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Disabilities, Economically Disadvantaged, Educationally Disadvantaged, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Minority Groups, National Programs, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, State Federal Aid, Student Loan Programs, Success, Vocational Education, Work Study Programs, Youth Employment
OECD Publications and Information Center, Suite 1207, 1750 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20006 ($17.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Basic Educational Opportunity Grants; Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; Educational Opportunity Centers; Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I; Project Head Start; Special Services for Disadvantaged Students; Talent Search; Teacher Corps; Upward Bound
Note: With a resume in French. Some charts may reproduce poorly due to marginal legibility of original document.