ERIC Number: ED202076
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Using the Burkeian Pentad in Giving the Speech Student a Better Understanding of the Communication Act.
Kenneth Burke, whose positions have served as the basis for countless research projects in speech communication, believes that people are actors acting out life in the social drama with the purpose of achieving the ultimate good. Considering speakers as actors centers attention on the analysis of individuals in terms of their actions as actors and takes into account the parts they play, what their actions are, what dialogue they use, the scene, and their purpose relative to the play as a whole. Burke's pentad theory gives basic speech students means by which to analyze the communicative event from five interrelated points of view: (1) act (what takes place), (2) scene (environment), (3) agent (who carries out the action), (4) agency (the means used to carry it out), and (5) purpose (the speaker's goals). This theory gives students a stronger theoretical base in communication, from which they begin to develop their own personal theory for each communication occurrence that will say something about their general philosophy, values, and attitudes. The theory also accords them a more thorough knowledge of speech criticism, with which they can observe their speech performances, note the discrepancy between what is and what could be, and hypothesize what changes would bridge the gap. (HTH)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Burke (Kenneth)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (Pittsburgh, PA, April 24-26, 1981).