ERIC Number: ED202045
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Requirements, Problems, Strategies Revisited: The Rhetoric of Collectivities.
Simons, Herbert W.
Designed initially as a way of understanding the often anomalous rhetoric of movement leaders, the Requirements-Problems-Strategies (RPS) framework for analyzing the rhetoric of social movements has been applied in recent years to analyses of other collective rhetoric and leadership roles in collectivities. RPS has also been used in conjunction with other communication theories (particularly K. Burke's pentad) to identify and account for the patterns of rhetoric unique to particular movements and the events in the life of a movement. Emphasized by the RPS approach are the cross pressures and constraints that inhere in the organizational roles of leaders of collectivities. The studies used to illustrate RPS include the following: (1) E. W. Mechling's study of 1960s free clinics and the creation of a theory of the rhetoric of counterinstitutional movement organizations (CIMOs), (2) L. M. Griffin's model of the stages of development in a social movement and the history of a movement's rhetoric, (3) G. Shive's study of rhetoric during a transitional period in a movement's history (the Chinese Communists during their United Front period from 1935 to 1942, for example), and (4) K. Reynolds's study of patterns of rhetorical invention, which focused on the ideological rhetoric of ordained Catholic revolutionaries in Latin America. (RL)
Descriptors: Communication Research, Communication (Thought Transfer), Developmental Stages, Higher Education, Leadership Styles, Models, Organizational Communication, Organizations (Groups), Persuasive Discourse, Research Design, Research Methodology, Rhetoric, Rhetorical Criticism, Speech Communication, Theories
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Rhetorical Strategies; Social Movements
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Speech Association (Chicago, IL, April 9-11, 1981).