ERIC Number: ED201991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Cultural Schemata and Reading Comprehension. Technical Report No. 201.
Reynolds, Ralph E.; And Others
Two experiments investigated the relationship between cultural schemata and reading comprehension. Subjects for the first experiment were 186 eighth grade students who attended one of five schools--two predominately black inner-city schools, two predominately white working class area schools, and a predominately white agricultural area school. Subjects in the second experiment were 105 eighth grade students from a predominately black city school or from one of two predominately white agricultural area schools. The subjects read a passage that deals with an instance of "sounding" or "playing the dozens," a form of verbal ritual insult usually found in the black community. Black subjects tended to interpret the passage as being about verbal play, while white subjects tended to interpret it as being about physical aggression. Scores on theme-revealing disambiguities and intrusions and on an inference probe task showed a close relationship to the subjects' cultural background. The evidence showed that cultural schemata can influence how prose material is interpreted. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.