ERIC Number: ED201972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Prose Analysis: Procedures, Purposes, and Problems. Research Report No. 11.
Meyer, Bonnie J. F.
The first part of this paper on prose analysis explains how structural analysis of text can be used in reading research. This explanation focuses on three methodological uses of prose analysis: (1) the identification of the content and organization of the text for use in a scoring system, (2) the measurement of variations between the text and the reader's comprehension of text, and (3) the identification of a significant dimension on which to characterize text selections to aid in appropriately generalizing research results. The next portion of the paper examines B. J. F. Meyer's approach to prose analysis, including her descriptions of three levels of expository text, treatment of five basic logical relations in exposition, and procedures for building prose-content structures. A detailed comparison is then made of the procedures and scoring systems used by W. Kintsch and by Meyer. The concluding section of the paper examines recent data clarifying discourse types, particularly time-narration and logic-exposition connections and the processing effects of different schemata. (RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe. Dept. of Educational Psychology.
Identifiers: Schema Theory; Story Grammar
Note: Prose Learning Series. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).