ERIC Number: ED201929
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Defining What a Competent Psychotherapist Does: Problems and Prospects.
Hogan, Daniel B.
Licensing and certifying boards cannot be effective without a definition of the meaning of competence in psychology, particularly as this concept is used in psychotherapy. Research has shown that reliance on academic credentials to define competence is not the answer. Most definitions of pyschotherapy are too broad and vague, and consensus about the process involved in psychotherapy is needed. Choosing specific outcomes to define competence in psychotherapy is difficult because the determination of mental illness is highly subjective and variable. Nonetheless, without a clear picture of the process of psychotherapy, a determination of skills needed by the practitioner is impossible. All definitions of competence require specification of the percentage of clients helped or harmed, the extent of the effort, and the interpersonal areas affected by the psychotherapist's efforts. Researchers can help to define competence by focusing on the individual practitioner and his work with a variety of clients in different situations. Meta-analysis is needed to combine the results of such independent studies; however, the ability to conduct this type of analysis depends on the presence of appropriate information, reflecting the need for consistency in data collection. (NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). Best copy available.