ERIC Number: ED201666
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Number Right Scores as a Function of Item Arrangement, Knowledge of Arrangement, and Test Anxiety.
Plake, Barbara S.; And Others
Effects of item arrangement (easy-hard, uniform, and random), test anxiety, and sex on a 48-item multiple-choice mathematics test assembled from items of the American College Testing Program and taken by motivated upper level undergraduates and beginning graduate students were investigated. Four measures of anxiety were used: the Achievement Test Anxiety Scale, STAI-STATE and STAI-TRAIT of Speilberger's State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale. Significant (P=less than .05) sex, anxiety, and sex by order effects were found for the cognitive variable with males outperforming females, low anxious students scoring higher than anxious ones, and males with easy-hard ordering scoring substantially better than females with the same order of items. Significant anxiety, sex, and order effects were found for the perception scores of perceived difficulty and performance. The fact that males outperformed females on a mathematics test with items arranged easy-hard suggests that item arrangement may be another possible explanation for observed sex differences in mathematics achievement at the college level. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ACT Assessment; Alpert Haber Achievement Anxiety Test; Item Position (Tests); Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale; State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (Los Angeles, CA, April 11-17, 1981).