ERIC Number: ED201649
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Self-Reported Social Desirability in Sex-Stereotyped and Androgynous Individuals.
Holleran, Paula; And Others
The relationships among self-reported social desirability, biological sex, and sex-role orientation are examined. The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) consists of 60 personality characteristics divided equally into three subscales labeled Femininity (F), Masculinity (M), and Social Desirability (SD). One hundred and twenty-six undergraduates were asked to indicate on a seven-point scale the extent to which each of the 60 items was self-descriptive. Using their M and F scores, subjects were classified as feminine, masculine, androgynous or undifferentiated based on a significant difference/median split method. The SD scale of the BSRI was factor analyzed and three interpretable dimensions emerged. A 2-way multivariate analysis of variance yielded no significant interaction or biological sex effects. Feminine individuals, however, generally saw themselves as more dependable/supportive, more communicative, and less pretentious than any other group. The androgynous group followed. The findings tend to contradict previous research which saw femininity as the least socially desirable sex-role orientation. Results of past studies are questioned and possible explanations are discussed. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bem Sex Role Inventory; Social Desirability
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).