ERIC Number: ED201589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Class Exercise Illustrating the Implications of the Demographic Transition in Middle and South America.
Mulvihill, James L.
A project is described which can be used in geography classes on the college level to help students understand modernization in Latin America. The project is based on a demographic transition model--a model which demonstrates changes in birth and death rates as societies become increasingly industrialized and urbanized, and which also helps to organize a number of related development processes into a more understandable pattern. Specific objectives of the project are to help students understand the processes of development through a study of population dynamics, provide a clearer understanding of correlation and spatial relationships, introduce several techniques used to determine the relationships between variables, and to introduce basic research procedures. The use of this project in class is preceeded by a series of lectures on population characteristics of development, including discussion of the demographic transition model. Project data are taken from sheets published annually by the Population Reference Bureau listing socio-demographic variables for Latin American nations. The procedure is to direct students to compare and prepare hypotheses regarding birth rates, urban population, various health features of the population, changing roles of women and the family within the modernization process, and the changing structure of disease and mortality. In upper level classes, Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient is used to assess more exactly the strength of the relationship between two variables. The conclusion is that the demographic transition model can be used as a framework to develop projects which help students understand societies at different stages of transition. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Demographic Transition Model; Latin America
Note: Paper presented at Annual Convention of the Association of American Geographers (Los Angeles, CA, April 1981).