ERIC Number: ED201583
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr-15
Reference Count: 0
Batik Making as Creative Problem Solving: A Naturalistic Inquiry.
Bollen, Sharon Kesterson
This paper introduces an artistic model of planning and problem solving. The model is based on a case study of processes engaged in by a college art student during the course of producing a senior thesis in batik (a wax-resist fabric dyeing process). Based on the premise that knowledge of the creative process is essential to understanding the art-making process, the author offers a step-by-step description of creative activities undertaken during the three-month process of batik creation. Various techniques of naturalistic inquiry (the investigation of phenomena within and in relation to their naturally occurring contexts) were used to gather information, including observing and listening to the artist as she worked on and thought about the batik, interviewing the artist, analyzing the artist's daily journal, reviewing field notes, and examining photographic documentation of the batik during various stages of production. During the period of data collection, concepts and hypotheses were generated and tested against previous data and ongoing behavior. The end result of this testing and conceptualization was a theoretical model of artistic planning and problem solving in which three stages of artistic activity were identified: problem finding, problem formulation and solution, and solution evaluation. The conclusion is that artists and art researchers will better understand the planning and problem-solving processes involved in the production of art if they use a process model such as the one suggested in this paper to clarify what is going on in the artist's mind at various stages of the art-production process. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Batik; Process Skills
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 15, 1981).