ERIC Number: ED201486
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Developing Conservation Attitudes and Energy Concepts in Individuals of Various Cognitive Levels, Using the Energy Environment Simulator.
Cartwright, Dennis D.; Heikkinen, Michael W.
Reported is a study of the effectiveness of the Energy Environment Simulator (EES) in developing energy awareness and positive attitudes towards energy issues in students at various levels of cognitive development. The EES is a portable computer model of U.S. energy resources, environmental quality and food distribution. Subjects were students from university educational psychology classes. Prior to treatment, level of cognitive development was measured by the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT). The study involved a comparison of two treatments: (1) the EES (N=25); and (2) a lecture-slide presentation covering major ideas normally encountered in the EES program (N=20). Upon completion of the assigned treatments, students completed an Energy Awareness Attitude Assessment (EAAA), an instrument consisting of 20 questions dealing with knowledge of energy concepts and 16 questions measuring attitudes towards energy issues. Analysis of variance revealed that in general the EES was significantly more effective in teaching energy concepts than was the lecture-slide presentation. Individuals at higher developmental levels scored significantly better on the concepts test than did students at lower levels. No significant differences in attitudes were found. Included in the appendix is the EAAA instrument. (Author/WB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Energy Environment Simulator; Environmental Education Research; Science Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Northwest Scientific Association (54th, Corvallis, OR, March 1981). Contains occasional light type.