ERIC Number: ED201403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Preschoolers' Perceptions of Young, Middle-Aged and Elderly Adults.
Downs, A. Chris; Walz, Patricia J.
This study examines the sex differences in preschool children's perception of male and female adults of different ages (young, middle-aged and elderly) and the degree to which physical attractiveness plays a role in children's attributions concerning adults. Forty 3- and 4-year-old children (20 boys, 20 girls) from middle-income families served as subjects. The children individually responded to a modified Children's Attitudes Toward the Elderly Scale (CATE), which required them to order pictures of men and women by age. The addition of an attractiveness question (pretty/handsome vs. ugly) was the primary modification to the CATE. The children correctly ordered younger, middle-aged, and elderly female adults by age, but did not differentiate younger and middle-aged male adults by age. They always viewed an elderly male adult as oldest. Boys were generally less positive than girls in attitudes toward elderly individuals and boys also tended to view the elderly adults as less physically attractive than younger adults. These results suggest that negative attributions concerning elderly persons are evident as early as the preschool years. (Author/JA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Attitudes Toward the Elderly Scale
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (Honolulu, HI, May 1980).