ERIC Number: ED201402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Dominance of Spatial Memory over Color or Form in 3- to 5-Year-Olds' Pattern Reconstructions.
Cocking, Rodney R.
The relative importance of spatial-position as a memory aid in a block pattern reproduction task was investigated by analyzing the object-selection and object-placement strategies of 69 nursery school children. Subjects were given a task modeled on Piaget's assessment of Static Reproductive Images and Action that had been modified into a block-sequencing task. In the experimental condition, a seven-element array of colored geometric forms was shown to the child for 30 seconds, after which the child was requested to copy the array with a second set of blocks that included colors and forms not present in the model. Then, after the model blocks were removed and the reproduction blocks were mixed, the child was asked to rebuild the initial pattern. The experimenter recorded the sequence in which the child chose the blocks to rebuild the array, and recorded the block sequences in the final structure. A total of 138 observations were obtained by giving the task on two occasions, eight months apart, to each subject. Separate analyses were computed for object-selection memory strategies and object-placement strategies. The results provided evidence of young children's reliance upon figurative information in their reconstructions. Both the processes of selection and the products of reconstruction indicated that when the child has the option of choice from competing color, object-identity, or spatial information, memory for the array is cued by spatial information. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reconstructive Memory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Interdisciplinary UAP-USC Conference on Piagetian Theory and the Helping Professions (10th, Los Angeles, CA, February 1-2, 1980).