ERIC Number: ED201273
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr-17
Reference Count: 0
A Longitudinal Study of Locus of Control for Male and Female Persisters and Dropouts in Four Year Colleges.
Tomala, Gail; Behuniak, Peter, Jr.
The pattern of changes in locus of control for college persisters and dropouts were examined over a three-year period, and differences between males and females were considered. Data on 6,608 students enrolled in four-year U.S. colleges were collected in 1973, 1974, and 1975. A repeated measures analysis of locus of control composite scores yielded significant results over time, and two of the three analyses of variance revealed significant main effects for sex and college status. The results indicate that both students completing undergraduate training and students dropping out of their programs because more internal over time. While persisters were significantly more internally controlled than dropouts in the early stages of the students' college careers, these differences became quite small by the senior year. This pattern may indicate that dropouts suffer a feeling of being out of control immediately after their departure from college, but that these feelings dissipate over time. The results further indicate that females were more internally controlled than males regardless of college status. This finding implies that females may feel more responsible for academic success and failure than do males. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).