ERIC Number: ED201082
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Mental Retardation: Prevention Strategies That Work.
President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.
The report by the President's Committee on Mental Retardation reviews the current state of knowledge in the area of biological and environmental prevention of mental retardation and describes programs on the frontiers of research or service delivery. Section I examines programs that are effectively preventing mental retardation through biomedical intervention. Subsections consider genetics (including genetic counseling and screening of newborn infants), perinatal intensive care, and immunization. Programs at Columbia University, Memphis (Tennessee), and the Rose F. Kennedy Center for Mental Retardation and Human Development are noted. Considered in Section II are environmental prevention programs with discussion of preparation for parenthood, programs for mothers and children, mother training programs, infant and toddler stimulation, home teaching programs, Head Start, and elementary school programs. Project Impact, a program to help low income and minority individuals prevent mental retardation and a Taos (New Mexico) program to prevent mental retardation among native Americans are highlighted. Multifactorial conditions such as teenage pregnancy, nutrition, and lead poisoning are the focus of Section 3. Highlighted are two programs at the University of Alabama. Prevention resources are considered in the final major section and include the University Affiliated Facilities' activities in mental retardation research centers, and maternal and child health prevention programs and special initiatives. States with particularly good programs in the areas of prevention, genetic screening, and early casefinding are identified. Also included are the previous recommendations on prevention by the Committee, a summary of the report, and the Committee Resolution on Prevention which advocates a vigorous national prevention effort. (DB)
Descriptors: Biological Influences, Biomedicine, Delivery Systems, Demonstration Programs, Family Environment, Genetics, Mental Retardation, Parent Education, Prevention, Program Descriptions, Public Health, State Programs
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Presidents Committee on Mental Retardation
Note: The development of this report was assisted by Naomi Gray Associates.