ERIC Number: ED200981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
From Language to Voice to Writing, or How Writers Talk on Paper.
Halpern, Jeanne W.
While editors have no way of encoding most of the features of the human voice, they are often able to use punctuation and other devices to give the impression of speech. While retaining many distinctive features of a personal voice is possible in writing, considerations of voice are inseparable from considerations of textual features and audience adaptation. From an examination of 1,500 pages of edited transcript from the oral biography project, "Bill Haber Remembers," several grammatical differences between speaking and writing emerge: pronoun preference, parenthetic syntactic embedding, parallelism, and tense switching. Putting personal voices on paper depends almost entirely on understanding who the audiences for a given text are and what they require and expect. Editing, like speaking and writing, always depends on the audience. This has several implications for student personal writing: (1) teachers should emphasize that voice, text, and audience are interlocking concerns; (2) students do have control over the voice or persona they put on paper; (3) teachers should teach students to look critically at their work in terms of the conventions of writing; and (4) teachers should instruct students to anticipate their audiences. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Audience Awareness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (32nd, Dallas, TX, March 26-28, 1981).