ERIC Number: ED200893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Stages of Metalinguistic Awareness Related to Reading.
Huffman, Gail M.; And Others
Piagetian-type, indepth interviews were used to explore children's thinking at various ages about the process of reading, thereby gaining insights related to cognitive development across the developmental age span. Interview questions and follow-up probes were designed to elicit responses in three categories: definitions and purposes of reading, processes and strategies involved in reading, and student evaluation of reading. The subjects were ten 4- to 6-year-old children, ten 10- to 12-year-old children, and ten 16- to 18-year-old students. The ages were selected because they represent the highest empirical correlation between age and cognitive stage. The results revealed three stages of children's metalinguistic awareness: (1) Stage I subjects emphasized the physical, observable behaviors of reading; (2) Stage II subjects described the variety of readers' purposes and motivations for reading and also emphasized mental and social strategies aimed at getting meaning; and (3) Stage III subjects described a wide variety of reading and thinking strategies, with a marked emphasis upon the decision-making power of the reader about the author's meaning. (Extensive Excerpts from the interviews are included). (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Metalinguistic Awareness; Metalinguistics
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (30th, San Diego, CA, December 3-6, 1980).