ERIC Number: ED200654
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
School Desegregation to Integration Through Changes in Social Structure.
Scout, Terrence H.
This paper explores the theoretical and research contributions of many authors concerning group status and intergroup relations. Highlighted are: (1) Coleman's insights on the classroom reward structure; (2) Pettigrew's principles for successful ethnic contact; (3) Sherif's experimental work on the reduction of intergroup hostility through the pursuit of superordinate goals; and (4) Samuels' observations on the distribution of rewards within competitive and cooperative groups. It is suggested that in order to facilitate intergroup relations in a classroom situation, students be allowed to compete for grades in racially mixed work teams with rewards dispensed on the basis of the accomplishments of the group rather than the individual. These changes in classroom grouping procedures and classroom reward structures, it is argued, should create in-group feelings in the members of the various work teams which cut across ethnic identities. (Author/APM)
Descriptors: Classroom Desegregation, Competition, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Elementary Secondary Education, Grades (Scholastic), Group Dynamics, Group Unity, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Intergroup Relations, Literature Reviews, Racial Relations, Rewards, School Desegregation, Social Science Research
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Coleman (James S); Pettigrew (Thomas F); Samuels (Frederick); Sherif (Muzafer)
Note: Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (71st, New York, NY, September, 1976).