ERIC Number: ED200649
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Sixth Grade Children's Problem Solving.
Marshall, Sandra P.
The differences in responses of grade 6 boys and girls to selected items on a standardized test are examined. Data are the responses of approximately 36,000 children during 1978-79 to two test forms of the California Assessment Program's Survey of Basic Skills: Grade 6 (SBS:6). Performance on specific arithmetic items is studied and involves the concepts of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. These skills are tested both as simple computations and as story problems. Of the six problems presented in this study, three showed sex differences in the patterns of responses; boys were more likely than girls to answer the story problems correctly after missing computation items requiring the same skills. From these two forms, the indications were that girls are selecting the same distractors regardless of performance on the computations. In contrast, boys' responses seemed to depend upon success or failure on the computations. Analysis of distractors does not explain why boys and girls differ in their responses. However, such analyses can be useful in identifying the areas in which the sexes differ. (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Assessment Program; Distractors (Tests); Survey of Basic Skills (California)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).