ERIC Number: ED200380
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug-7
Reference Count: 0
The Reasons Why Farm Children Drop Out of School.
To study the relationship between the school and the rural family, and particularly to establish reasons for student dropout, a questionnaire was administered in 1973 to 103 students who dropped out of school in 2 large rural towns in the Veneto, Italy. Responses indicated that about 60% of the adolescents left school to help out the family or because what the school taught was seen as not relevant or useful. Other causes of student dropout included: school difficulties, confirmed by grades repeated (35.6%); family authority and internal relationships (22.3%); peer group influence (17.5%); health reasons (12.6%); in-class teacher discrimination (11.2%); discrimination by classmates (9.7%); and difficulty in traveling the distance to school (9.7%). The fact that these clusters of causes added up to more than 100% indicated that the decision to drop out of school early was not the result of a single, clearly defined motivation. Early abandonment of obligatory schooling by rural (especially farm) children is proposed as an indicator of the non-existent relationship between the school and the rural world; to remedy the situation the complex farm and rural culture should be incorporated into the culture, teaching methods and content of the school. (CM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adolescents, Classroom Environment, Cultural Influences, Dropouts, Family Influence, Family School Relationship, Grade Repetition, Learning Problems, Peer Influence, Relevance (Education), Role Perception, Rural Education, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Nonfarm Residents, Rural Youth, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Teacher Relationship, Student Transportation, Values
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress for Rural Sociology (5th, Mexico City, Mexico, August 7-12, 1980).