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ERIC Number: ED200351
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec-2
Reference Count: 0
New Dimensions in Cross-Cultural Counseling: Some Anglo/Hispanic Comparisons.
LeVine, Elaine; Franco, Juan
To evaluate the significance of matching Hispanic "consumers" to Hispanic "experts," a series of three studies investigated counselor preferences among lower division Hispanic and Anglo students, students' preference for counselors' directive, non-directive, or neutral communication styles, and patterns in students' self-disclosure according to counselor's sex and ethnicity. In Study 1, 141 Hispanic and 242 Anglo students were asked to read a portfolio about a counselor. All portfolios were identical except for the counselor's name, sex, and ethnicity. Portfolios were administered three times, with more information provided about the counselor each time. In Study 2, 4 doctoral students (male and female Hispanic, male and female Anglo) administered Jourard's (1971) Self-Disclosure Questionnaire in directive, non-directive, and neutral verbal styles to 811 college sophomores. In Study 3, 4 doctoral students used a neutral stance to administer Jourard's Questionnaire to 155 Anglo and 119 Hispanic undergraduate students. Results of Study 1 suggested that Anglo and Hispanic students might feel equally comfortable with Anglo or Hispanic counselors. However, results of Study 3 indicated that specific self-report, self-disclosure patterns varied with the counselor's sex and ethnicity. Study 2 indicated that Anglo males and females and Hispanic females all preferred directive communication about some topics, depending upon the counselor's sex and ethnicity. (CM)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Attitude Measures, College Students, Communication Research, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Characteristics, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselor Selection, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Disclosure, Ethnicity, Females, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Identification (Psychology), Males, Racial Differences, School Counselors, Sex Bias, Student Attitudes, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Jourard Self Disclosure Inventory
Note: A Presentation in the College of Education Dialogue Series, New Mexico State University (Las Cruces, NM, December 2, 1980). Paper copy not available due to poor print quality.