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ERIC Number: ED200046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Other "Come" in Black English.
Spears, Arthur K.
In Black English (BE), in addition to the motion verb "come," there exists a modal-like "come" which expresses speaker indignation. This "come" is comparable to other modal-like forms, identical to motion verbs, which occur in Black and non-Black varieties of English, and which signal various degrees of disapproval. However, this usage of "come" occurs in BE only. It is of special interest that it occurs even in acrolectal varieties of BE, thus showing that the post-creole continuum in the United States differs from that in Guyana as described by Bickerton, who states that forms identical to forms in the base-language but which are functionally distinct do not occur in acrolectal varieties. The case for the grammaticalization of the mood, indignation, by usage of "come" is elaborated as is its relation to "gone," which is used to express disapproval. (Author/AMH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.
Identifiers: Modal Auxiliary Verbs
Note: In its Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, Number 77, p1-15, Sep 1980. Revised version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (Los Angeles, CA, December 1979). Small print may not reproduce clearly.