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ERIC Number: ED199774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Loneliness and Communication Apprehension.
Spitzberg, Brian H.
Calling upon attribution theory, a study was conducted to determine whether chronically lonely individuals would manifest significantly more communication apprehension (CA) than would situationally lonely individuals. The UCLA loneliness scale (LS) and the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA) were administered to 170 college students. Two versions of the LS were used, one instructing the students to refer to their last two weeks of experience and the other referring to most of their lifetime. The operational definition of situational loneliness consisted of scores falling more than one standard deviation above the mean on the two-week scale and less than the mean on the lifetime scale. Chronic loneliness was operationalized as scores that were more than one standard deviation above the means for both scales. Using these criteria, 10 situationally lonely and 9 chronically lonely students were chosen for analysis. This analysis revealed that chronically lonely persons rated significantly higher than situationally lonely persons in CA. The results were interpreted as supporting an attributional model of loneliness and as providing important considerations for the therapeutic intervention involved in the treatment of both CA and loneliness. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Association (San Jose, CA, February 14-17, 1981).