ERIC Number: ED199688
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Children's Use of Speech Recoding to Obtain Meaning from Sentences.
Fehr, Mary J.; And Others
A study was devised for investigating developmental change in the extent to which children use a speech recoding process during silent reading to obtain meaning from sentences. The subjects, 48 second and 48 sixth grade students, were shown a series of single sentences that included equal numbers of sentences at the second, fourth, and sixth grade levels. Each sentence was followed by a test sentence either identical or semantically changed from the original. The child's task was to detect the test sentence change. Subjects performed the task twice, once while reading silently and once while vocalizing a word (to suppress speech recoding). Analyses of the data measured latency to decision, accuracy of detection of sentence changes (signal detection), and detection of semantic change in test sentences. The data showed that children who were just beginning to read did rely more on a speech recode process during reading than did the older children with more fluent reading skills. Further, children used the recode process to facilitate sentence comprehension, particularly when trying to understand more difficult sentences. Contrary to prediction, latency to decision was greater for silent reading than for reading while vocalizing. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).