ERIC Number: ED199673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Knowledge-Based Model of Prose Comprehension: Applications to Expository Texts.
Miller, James R.
A model has been developed for studying the relation between text structure and reading comprehension, emphasizing the reader's use of world knowledge and text-structural knowledge to evaluate and interpret meaning from text. When the highlights of the model are considered from the perspective of various expository texts used in research on comprehension theory, two features indicate the utility of using expository texts in research on prose comprehension. First, expository texts are far less constrained in structure than typical narrative texts. As a result, a thorough explanation of expository comprehension will require a detailed investigation and description of bottom-up, text-driven reading processes. Second, expository texts offer a direct link to questions of learning. That is, most expositions identify and explain concepts that are new to the reader and that should be incorporated into the reader's knowledge structures as a result of comprehending the text. (RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Expository Text; Prose Learning; Schema Theory; Schemata
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).