ERIC Number: ED199644
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of "Imposed" and "Induced" Imagery Upon Word Recall.
The meta-analysis method was used to summarize the findings of 23 studies of the word learning process that had used imagery as an independent variable as either an "imposed" or an "induced" condition. Imposed imagery investigations compared word recall on the basis of the imagery attribute of a word, while induced imagery studies compared word recall on the basis of the use of imagery as a mnemonic strategy. The results suggested that imposed and induced imagery had a great impact upon word recall. In the case of the imposed imagery investigations, high imagery words were much more easily learned than were low imagery words. Larger differences in the imagery control and repetition comparisons in the induced imagery studies suggested that mental imagery as a mnemonic strategy was quite effective. The findings imply that a meaning strategy (imagery) is a great deal more effective than rote memorization, and that the relative equivalence of sentence generation can be explained by the fact that it is a meaning producing strategy and that it probably produces an image through verbal processes. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Imposed Mental Imagery; Induced Mental Imagery; Meta Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (30th, San Diego, CA, December 3-6, 1980).