ERIC Number: ED199634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Elevating Comprehension Skills by Sensitizing Students to Structural Aspects of Narratives.
Spiegel, Dixie Lee; Whaley, Jill Fitzgerald
A study investigated whether children could be sensitized to structural aspects of narratives and whether reading comprehension could be enhanced through instruction designed to develop concept of story. Twenty fourth grade students with a poorly developed concept of story were assigned to either a control or an experimental group. The experimental group received instruction in story structure and learned the names and functions of the parts of the J. M. Mandler and N. S. Johnson story grammar (setting, beginning, complex reaction, attempt, outcome, and ending). They then identified these parts in stories and created specific story elements to follow given elements. They also reordered scrambled stories and told or wrote stories according to the grammar. The control group received instruction in dictionary usage. All the students completed a production task in which they read only a story setting and then wrote the best story they could from it. They next read two scrambled stories and told them back the following day. The students also answered comprehension questions. The results showed that with relatively little instruction, the concept of story of fourth grade students who were poor readers could be enhanced. Furthermore, the findings revealed that when concept of story was enhanced, comprehension improved. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Story Grammar
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (30th, San Diego, CA, December 3-6, 1980).