ERIC Number: ED199584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Support from Family and Friends: What Helps the Widow?
Bankoff, Elizabeth A.
Much of the research on bereavement and its consequences fails to account for social network factors. A sample of widows participated in a comprehensive national study to determine factors that enhanced or lessened their psychological well-being shortly after the death of their husbands, and over time. Two groups responded, those in the Crisis Phase, i.e., widowed for less than 18 months, and those in the Transition Phase, widowed between 19 months and 3 years. Widows who reported remarriage or a lack of grieving were excluded. Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale was used to measure psychological well-being in terms of support sources. Results indicated that widows in the Crisis Phase benefitted most from parental support, followed by support from widowed or single friends. As problems and adjustment tasks of widows varied through the phases of widowhood, so did her support needs and salient support sources vary. (Author/KMF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Support Systems
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (33rd, San Diego, CA, November 21-25, 1980).