ERIC Number: ED199270
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Performance Tests as Dependent Variable Measures in Personnel Evaluation.
Cantwell, Zita M.
Fair, valid, and reliable measurement of dependent variables is a concern in personnel evaluation studies. Performance tests, that is, job or work sample tests, situational tests, and job learning or trainability tests, are being used with increasing frequency as measurement techniques capable of meeting these needs. The three categories of performance tests are described with illustrations of their use. Issues related to development of fair, valid, and reliable performance tests are considered. Performance tests appear to be fair measures when individuals are classified by ethnic group, age, or sex. However, additional studies which combine tack/environment samples with scoring procedures anchored to clearly specified aspects of job relevant behavior are needed. When handicapped individuals are to be evaluated, job learning or trainability tests appear to discriminate best compared to the other two categories of performance tests. Validity of performance tests is a function not only of content (including work environment) but also of scoring procedures. The behavioral consistency model can be applied to questions of validity arising from individual behavior changes which occur from training or entry to on-the-job. In some instances, generalizability coefficients provide the most useful information about the reliability of performance tests. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Generalizability Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Evaluation Network Conference (Memphis, TN, September 29-October 2, 1980).