ERIC Number: ED199268
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jun-12
Reference Count: 0
Minimizing Bias in Educational Testing.
Green, Donald Ross
Sources of test bias are discussed and steps to prevent or reduce bias in tests are listed. Test bias can occur because of the way test materials are written, the conditions of administration, and the interpretations given the results. Steps to prevent or reduce bias arising in the test development process include: (1) using heterogeneous sets of test writers and editors; (2) having test materials reviewed by members of minority groups; (3) limiting the role of language by using performance items; (4) avoiding any items that assume general knowledge not part of the relevant program; and (5) examining item data from tryouts or prior administration separately by ethnic group. Prevention or reduction of bias arising from administrative conditions includes: (1) using examiners familiar to the examinees; (2) making testing situations similar to the learning situation; (3) providing repeated practice tests with feedback; and (4) keeping examiners ethnically heterogeneous. Prevention of bias arising from test scoring, interpretation and use includes: (1) using only objectively scorable measures; (2) training personnel to make legitimate generalizations from test scores; and (3) specifying the intended use of scores. (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Testing Conditions
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on Large Scale Assessment (9th, Denver, CO, June 12, 1979).