ERIC Number: ED199258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Causal Attribution: A New Scale Developed to Minimize Existing Methodological Problems.
Bull, Kay Sather; Feuquay, Jeffrey P.
In order to facilitate research on the construct of causal attribution, this paper details developmental procedures used to minimize previous deficiencies and proposes a new scale. The first version of the scale was in ipsative form and provided two basic sets of indices: (1) ability, effort, luck, and task difficulty indices in success and failure conditions; and, by summation, (2) ability, effort, luck, and task difficulty indices without regard to performance conditions. The present scale was developed to eliminate the statistical problems inherent in the forced-choiced, ipsative format of the first version. This revision simulates the original pairing of items across situations. The revised scale was completed by 71 undergraduate education students and examined as to its relationship to their self-reported ACT scores, grade point averages, and preferred class assignments. Results indicated: (1) the higher the ACT scores are reported to be, the more likely high ability is perceived as a major reason for success; and (2) the more that traditional assessment is preferred over short-duration, behavioral assessment, the more that effort is used to explain success. Abbreviated forms of the initial scale and the revised instrument are appended. (RL)
Publication Type: Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Effort; Ipsative Measurement; Luck