ERIC Number: ED199105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Relationship Between Math Attitudes and Achievement, Parents' Occupation, and Math Anxiety in Female College Freshmen.
Kincaid, Marylou Butler; Austin-Martin, George
The reasons that cause women to take significantly fewer mathematics courses than men are investigated. The subjects consisted of 377 female college freshmen enrolled at a small, private women's liberal arts college in the Midwest. All subjects were tested as part of the college's regular placement testing program prior to the Fall semester of the 1978-79 academic year. Thirty-three of the subjects' test results were eliminated due to incomplete demographic data. Results of the remaining 344 were analyzed. Students were tested with an achievement test of 50 multiple choice items constructed by the mathematics faculty, and by 24 items gathered by the researcher to measure mathematics attitudes and anxiety. Individuals with a high level of mathematics anxiety were found to hold different attitudes towards mathematics and perform less well than those who were not mathematics-anxious. Particularly surprising findings were negative correlations for the high mathematics-anxious group with mathematics as a male domain, fathers' perceived attitudes, and attitude toward success in mathematics. The findings indicate that mathematics anxiety is a construct needing further definition, and that one's preferred sex role is a likely correlate of mathematics anxiety in females. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Dallas, TX, January 29-31, 1981). Contains occasional light and broken type.