ERIC Number: ED199019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Escape from Poverty: A Study of Social-Structural and Psychological Factors That Facilitate Upward Mobility Among the Poor.
Beauford, E. Yvonne; Walker, Melvin E., Jr.
The study of families who escaped poverty examined the relationship between possession of selected demographic, resource, social, and value characteristics and economic situation and attempted to determine which traits most significantly affected the ability to escape poverty. From personal interviews with a stratified cross-sectional unrestricted sampling of household heads of 943 families representing 19 primarily rural Middle Georgia counties, 2 sub-groups were used for the analysis: 112 "poverty cycle" families and 116 "escaped poverty" families. Persons who had escaped poverty had lived in the community for a longer period of time, were in middle and maturing age brackets, and were significantly better educated than families with similar histories who remained in poverty. Other significant factors were perceived control over events in their lives, as measured by feelings of powerlessness and alienation, and the social-structural factors of race and education. Also, economic factors alone clearly did not account for one's ability to escape poverty. Thus, programs designed to eliminate the consequences of long-term impoverishment should not only provide economic assistance but also focus attention on elimination of psychological and structural restrictors to achievement and upward mobility. (JD)
Descriptors: Age, Attitudes, Blacks, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Economic Progress, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Status Comparison, Family Characteristics, Goal Orientation, Occupational Mobility, Poverty, Quality of Life, Race, Rural Family, Social Mobility, Sociocultural Patterns, Socioeconomic Influences, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Fort Valley State Coll., Fort Valley, GA.