ERIC Number: ED199017
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Analysis of Federal Aid to Rural Schools, Part II: Special Needs of Rural Districts.
Bass, Gail; Berman, Paul
For a 1977 qualitative analysis of the implementation of federally-funded programs in rural school districts, telephone interviews and/or field visits were conducted with various agencies in Vermont, North Carolina, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, and California in order to identify rural districts which reflected a range of demonstrated ability to attract and utilize federal Title IV funds and which met a strict definition of rural. The investigation focused on the systemic needs of district organizations that arise because of small size and remoteness, rather than on the needs of students per se or of the population served by rural districts. The needs identified (financial constraints, difficulties of attracting staff, and administrative limitations) represented severe obstacles to maintaining or improving quality of schooling in "stressed" districts (high concentrations of poor and minority children and severe economic stagnation). Possible solutions and strategies identified included revising funding mechanisms, sharing services and regional agencies, building organizational capacity in rural districts, devising incentives for personnel, making adjustments in federal regulations, recognizing diversity among rural districts, and designing federal education policies which more effectively serve rural students and would require more research on needs and on potential strategies. (AN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Educational Finance, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Recruitment, Federal Aid, Needs Assessment, Regional Programs, Resource Allocation, Rural Schools, School Districts, School Funds, Shared Services, Small Schools, Systems Analysis, Use Studies
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main St., Santa Monica, CA.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: Elementary Secondary Education Act Title IV
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 1981). Not available in paper copy due to publisher's choice. For related documents, see ED 172 969 and ED 184 804.