ERIC Number: ED199012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Rural Vocational Education and Economic Development in the Western States.
Smith, Kathryn Baker
Western United States (characterized by low population density with small, scattered urban centers) underwent tremendous economic and population growth in the 1970's. The impact on small towns and rural areas included ecological damage and fewer permanent jobs than had been anticipated available to local persons. In spite of area growth, most rural youth (predominantly white, with significant Hispanic and American Indian segments) continue to migrate to larger population centers to get good jobs or training for future careers in their home community. Many small rural high schools cannot offer vocational education options other than agriculture and homemaking because of insufficient students to qualify for teachers and equipment, problems with state funding mechanisms, and excessive time and paperwork required to obtain small amounts of federal funds. American Indian and Hispanic youth have special problems (language and cultural differences, lack of role models, high family poverty rates) which affect work patterns. Challenges for rural vocational education are to reconcile alternative cultural patterns with regular working patterns, and to equip individuals with broad-based skills so they can remain and contribute to their community's economic development; a possible solution is the community development corporation concept, using the rural school as its center. (MH)
Descriptors: Adult Education, American Indians, Bilingualism, Community Control, Community Programs, Cultural Traits, Economic Development, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Financial Support, Mexican Americans, Migration, Population Growth, Regional Schools, Relevance (Education), Rural American Indians, Rural Areas, Secondary Education, Vocational Education, Young Adults
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: United States (West)
Note: For related documents, see RC 012 572-575 and RC 012 577-578.