ERIC Number: ED198923
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Immigrant Children and Bilingualism.
Since Sweden will never again be a monolingual, monocultural country, new approaches to language instruction in the schools must be developed. Instruction in Swedish and in Swedish as a Foreign Language should be provided for all pupils for whom Swedish is truly a foreign language. Instructional programs should be designed to prevent the development of diglossia--the situation in which two languages or varieties of these are used for differing functions within a single speech community. To attain active bilingualism among immigrant children through instruction in school, seven conditions must be established. In their first language, students must acquire basic reading and writing skills and acquire a thoroughly grounded system of meaning. In their second language, students should learn pronunciation before approximately the age of 12. In both languages, students should be provided abundant, continuous language stimulation, functional and relevant instruction in technical subjects, and "contrastively-based" instruction provided by specially trained teachers. All languages should be accorded high prestige. Primary school instruction ought to be done in the pupils' first language. The middle school must be bilingual. At the junior high school level instruction should be mainly in Swedish. In high school, immigrant pupils must be given the opportunity to retain and further develop their home languages. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Commission on Immigration Research (EIFO), Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Symposium on the Position of the Second Generation of Yugoslav Immigrants in Sweden (Split, Yugoslavia, October 30 - November 1, 1979).