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ERIC Number: ED198899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Kindergarten Children's Performance on a Piagetian Task. Mt. Druitt Early Childhood Project. Project Evaluation Report Number 1.
Metham, John
This study investigated the potential use of a cognitive measure to detect differential effects on children's styles of performance and behavior. A stratified random sample of 96 children across schools, sex and preschool attendance were selected for testing from the five kindergarten classes associated with the Mt. Druitt Early Childhood Project in New South Wales, Australia. Subjects were individually administered a Piaget and Inhelder task (the cognitive measure) which requires children to classify a given number of different objects in terms of whether or not the objects float on water. Children were required to experiment with the objects in a container of water and to describe their observations to an experimenter. Children's performance on the task was analyzed in terms of (1) the relationship between task orientation and previous attendance at preschool; (2) the relative press of different materials; (3) ability to classify and predict outcomes; and (4) the language utterances generated by the task. Significant differences in task orientation were found between children who had previously attended preschool and those who had not. The non-preschool group had more children whose task orientation was classified as inhibited. The order in which the objects were selected to be put into the water was uniform across individuals and programs. Sixty percent of the children were able to classify and predict whether objects would float or not. Finally, the task proved to be a successful means of stimulating young children's spontaneous verbalizations. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).; New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).; New South Wales Health Commission, Sydney (Australia).
Authoring Institution: Macquarie Univ., North Ryde (Australia). School of Education.
Identifiers: Australia; Mount Druitt Early Childhood Project; Piagetian Tasks; Task Orientation
Note: For other reports, see PS 011 843, PS 012 035-036, and PS 012 047-048.