ERIC Number: ED198857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Learning about Learning Disabled College Students.
Spalding, Norma V.
Information in this paper is presented to help college instructors identify and assist learning disabled (LD) students. The paper first explains what learning disabilities are, emphasizing that while LD students exhibit a discrepancy between apparent learning ability and actual academic achievement, they are not mentally retarded or emotionally disturbed. The proportion of LD to normal students is then discussed, based on enrollment figures at San Jose State University (SJSU), and the possible causes of learning disabilities are enumerated, including premature birth, childhood injuries, injuries to the head, child abuse, and genetic factors. The paper then presents a behavioral model of the learning process, based upon a hierarchy of brain processes which transfer the student's sensory perceptions into measurable output, such as reading, writing, and spelling. Tests which can be used to identify dysfunctioning brain processes are then enumerated, followed by a list of suggested reading materials designed to assist LD students in the areas of motivation, concentration, study skills, relaxation, reading, listening, mathematics, science, history, engineering, computer science, and business. Finally, the paper describes SJSU's individualized program for LD students, which focuses on the student's strengths, breaks down material to be learned into small steps or categories, and provides a structure for learning. (JP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: San Jose State University CA
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Institute for Directors of College Learning Centers (4th, Berkeley, CA, June 22-27, 1980).